跳到主要內容
 
:::

重要研究成果

謝雅萍 博士
(2021)
Hao-Ting Chin, Jiri Klimes, I-Fan Hu, Ding-Rui Chen, Hai-Thai Nguyen, Ting-Wei Chen, Shao-Wei Ma, Mario Hofmann, Chi-Te Liang & Ya-Ping Hsieh
Nature Communications, 12:6291 (2021).
本研究題目Ferroelectric 2D ice under graphene confinement的代表性圖片
We here report on the direct observation of ferroelectric properties of water ice in its 2D phase. Upon nanoelectromechanical confinement between two graphene layers, water forms a 2D ice phase at room temperature that exhibits a strong and permanent dipole which depends on the previously applied field, representing clear evidence for ferroelectric ordering. Characterization of this permanent polarization with respect to varying water partial pressure and temperature reveals the importance of forming a monolayer of 2D ice for ferroelectric ordering which agrees with ab-initio and molecular dynamics simulations conducted. The observed robust ferroelectric properties of 2D ice enable novel nanoelectromechanical devices that exhibit memristive properties. A unique bipolar mechanical switching behavior is observed where previous charging history controls the transition voltage between low-resistance and high-resistance state. This advance enables the realization of rugged, non-volatile, mechanical memory exhibiting switching ratios of 106, 4 bit storage capabilities and no degradation after 10,000 switching cycles.
許良彥 博士
(2021)
Ming-Wei Lee, Yi-Ting Chuang, and Liang-Yan Hsu*
Journal of Chemical Physics 155, 074101 (2021); https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0057018
本研究題目Theory of molecular emission power spectra. II. Angle, frequency, and distance dependence of electromagnetic environment factor of a molecular emitter in plasmonic environments [Special Issue: 2021 JCP Emerging Investigators Special Collection]的代表性圖片
Our previous study [S. Wang et al., J. Chem. Phys. 153, 184102 (2020)] has shown that in a complex dielectric environment, molecular emission power spectra can be expressed as the product of the lineshape function and the electromagnetic environment factor (EEF). In this work, we focus on EEFs in a vacuum–NaCl–silver system and investigate molecular emission power spectra in the strong exciton–polariton coupling regime. A numerical method based on computational electrodynamics is presented to calculate the EEFs of single-molecule emitters in a dispersive and lossy dielectric environment with arbitrary shapes. The EEFs in the far-field region depend on the detector position, emission frequency, and molecular orientation. We quantitatively analyze the asymptotic behavior of the EFFs in the far-field region and qualitatively provide a physical picture. The concept of EEF should be transferable to other types of spectra in a complex dielectric environment. Finally, our study indicates that molecular emission power spectra cannot be simply interpreted by the lineshape function (quantum dynamics of a molecular emitter), and the effect of the EEFs (photon propagation in a dielectric environment) has to be carefully considered.
謝雅萍 博士
(2021)
Ying-Yu Wang, Ding-Rui Chen, Jen-Kai Wu, Tian-Hsin Wang, Chiashain Chuang, Ssu-Yen Huang, Wen-Pin Hsieh, Mario Hofmann, Yuan-Huei Chang, Ya-Ping Hsieh*
Nano Lett., https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.nanolett.1c02331 (2021).
本研究題目2D mechano-thermoelectric heterojunctions for self-powered strain sensors的代表性圖片
We here demonstrate the multifunctional properties of atomically thin heterojunctions that are enabled by strong interfacial interactions and their integration into ultra-high performance, self-powered sensors. Epitaxial alignment between tin diselenide and graphene through direct growth produces thermoelectric and mechanoelectric properties beyond the ability of either component. An unprecedented ZT of 2.43 originated from the synergistic combination of graphene’s high carrier conductivity and SnSe2 mediated thermal conductivity lowering. Moreover, strong interaction at the SnSe2/graphene interface produces stress localization that results in a novel 2D-crack-assisted strain sensing mechanism whose sensitivity (GF=450) is superior to all other 2D materials. Finally, the graphene-assisted growth process, permits the formation of high-quality heterojunctions directly on polymeric substrates for flexible and transparent self-powered sensors that achieve fast and reliable strain sensing from a small temperature gradient. Our work enhances the fundamental understanding of multifunctionality at the atomic scale and provide a route towards structural health monitoring through ubiquitous and smart devices.
詹楊皓 博士
(2021)
Y. H. Chan, Diana Y. Qiu, Felipe H. da Jornada, and Steven G. Louie
Proceedings of National Academy of Sciences
本研究題目Giant exciton-enhanced shift currents and direct current conduction with subbandgap photo excitations produced by many-electron interactions的代表性圖片
Shift current is a direct current generated from nonlinear light–matter interaction in a noncentrosymmetric crystal and is considered a promising candidate for next-generation photovoltaic devices. The mechanism for shift currents in real materials is, however, still not well understood, especially if electron–hole interactions are included. Here, we employ a first-principles interacting Green’s-function approach on the Keldysh contour with real-time propagation to study photocurrents generated by nonlinear optical processes under continuous wave illumination in real materials. We demonstrate a strong direct current shift current at subbandgap excitation frequencies in monolayer GeS due to strongly bound excitons, as well as a giant excitonic enhancement in the shift current coefficients at above bandgap photon frequencies. Our results suggest that atomically thin two-dimensional materials may be promising building blocks for next-generation shift current devices.
郭哲來 博士
(2020)
Qian-Rui Huang, Ying-Cheng Li, Tomoki Nishigori, Marusu Katada, Asuka Fujii,* and Jer-Lai Kuo*
The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters 11, 10067 (2020); https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpclett.0c03059.
本研究題目Vibrational Coupling in Solvated H3O+: Interplay between Fermi Resonance and Combination Band的代表性圖片
Complex vibrational features of solvated hydronium ion, H3O+, in 3 μm enable us to look into the vibrational coupling among O-H stretching modes and other degrees of freedom. Two anharmonic coupling schemes have often been engaged to explain observed spectra: coupling with OH bending overtone, known as Fermi resonance (FR), has been proposed to account for the splitting of the OH stretch band at ~3300 cm-1 in H3O+…Ar3, but an additional peak in H3O+…(N2)3 at the similar frequency region has been assigned to a combination band (CB) with the low-frequency intermolecular stretches. While even stronger vibrational coupling is expected in H3O+…(H2O)3, such pronounced peaks are absent. In the present study, vibrational spectra of H3O+…Kr3 and H3O+…(CO)3 are measured to complement the existing spectra. Using ab initio anharmonic algorithms, we are able to assign the observed complex spectral features, to resolve seemingly contradictory notions in the interpretations, and to reveal simple pictures of the interplay between FR and CB.
 
目前位置:關於本所 / 重要研究成果 / 第 1 頁
回到最上層