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重要研究成果

王偉華 博士
(2022)
Chih-Yi Cheng, Wei-Liang Pai, Yi-Hsun Chen, Naomi Tabudlong Paylaga, Pin-Yun Wu, Chun-Wei Chen, Chi-Te Liang, Fang-Cheng Chou, Raman Sankar, Michael S. Fuhrer, Shao-Yu Chen*, and Wei-Hua Wang*
Nano Lett., 22, 6, 2270–2276 (2022).
本研究題目Phase Modulation of Self-Gating in Ionic Liquid-Functionalized InSe Field-Effect Transistors的代表性圖片
Understanding the Coulomb interactions between two-dimensional (2D) materials and adjacent ions/impurities is essential to realizing 2D material-based hybrid devices. Electrostatic gating via ionic liquids (ILs) has been employed to study the properties of 2D materials. However, the intrinsic interactions between 2D materials and ILs are rarely addressed. This work studies the intersystem Coulomb interactions in IL-functionalized InSe field-effect transistors by displacement current measurements. We uncover a strong self-gating effect that yields a 50-fold enhancement in interfacial capacitance, reaching 550 nF/cm2 in the maximum. Moreover, we reveal the IL-phase-dependent transport characteristics, including the channel current, carrier mobility, and density, substantiating the self-gating at the InSe/IL interface. The dominance of self-gating in the rubber phase is attributed to the correlation between the intra- and intersystem Coulomb interactions, further confirmed by Raman spectroscopy. This study provides insights into the capacitive coupling at the InSe/IL interface, paving the way to developing liquid/2D material hybrid devices.
陳貴賢 博士
(2022)
Amr Sabbah, Indrajit Shown*, Mohammad Qorbani, Fang-Yu Fu, Tsai-Yu Lin, Heng-Liang Wu, Po-Wen Chung, Chih-I. Wu, Svette Reina Merden Santiago, Ji-Lin Shen, Kuei-Hsien Chen*, Li-Chyong Chen*
Nano Energy, 93, 106809 (2022).
本研究題目Boosting photocatalytic CO2 reduction in a ZnS/ZnIn2S4 heterostructure through strain-induced direct Z-scheme and a mechanistic study of molecular CO2 interaction thereon的代表性圖片
Employing direct Z-scheme semiconductor heterostructures in photocatalysis offers efficient charge carrier separation and isolation of both redox reactions, thus beneficial to reduce CO2 into solar fuels. Here, a ZnS/ZnIn2S4 heterostructure, comprising cubic ZnS nanocrystals on hexagonal ZnIn2S4 (ZIS) nanosheets, is successfully fabricated in a single-pot hydrothermal approach. The composite ZnS/ZnIn2S4 exhibits microstrain at its interface with an electric field favorable for Z-scheme. At an optimum ratio of Zn:In (~ 1:0.5), an excellent photochemical quantum efficiency of around 0.8% is reached, nearly 200-fold boost compared with pristine ZnS. Electronic levels and band alignments are deduced from ultraviolet photoemission spectroscopy and UV-Vis. Evidence of the direct Z-scheme and carrier dynamics is verified by photo-reduction experiment, along with photoluminescence (PL) and time-resolved PL. Finally, diffuse-reflectance infrared Fourier transformed spectroscopy explores the CO2 and related intermediate species adsorbed on the catalyst during the photocatalytic reaction. This microstrain-induced direct Z-scheme approach opens a new pathway for developing next-generation photocatalysts for CO2 reduction.
許良彥 博士
(2022)
Siwei Wang,  Yi-Ting Chuang and  Liang-Yan Hsu*
Journal of Chemical Physics, 157, 184107 (2022).
本研究題目Macroscopic quantum electrodynamics approach to multichromophoric excitation energy transfer. I. Formalism [Special Issue: 2022 JCP Emerging Investigators Special Collection]的代表性圖片
In this study, we develop a theory of multichromophoric excitation energy transfer (MC-EET) in the framework of macroscopic quantum electrodynamics. The theory we present is general for studying the interplay between energy transfer and fluorescence in the presence of arbitrary inhomogeneous, dispersive, and absorbing media. The dynamical equations of MC-EET, including energy-transfer kernels and fluorescence kernels, allow us to describe the combined effects of molecular vibrations and photonic environments on excitation energy transfer. To demonstrate the universality of the MC-EET theory, we show that under specific conditions, the MC-EET theory can be converted to three representative theories. First, under the Markov approximation, we derive an explicit Förster-type expression for plasmon-coupled resonance energy transfer [Hsu et al., J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 8, 2357 (2017)] from the MC-EET theory. In addition, the MC-EET theory also provides a parameter-free formula to estimate transition dipole–dipole interactions mediated by photonic environments. Second, we generalize the theory of multichromophoric Förster resonance energy transfer [Jang et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 218301 (2004)] to include the effects of retardation and dielectric environments. Third, for molecules weakly coupled with photonic modes, the MC-EET theory recovers the previous main result in Chance–Prock–Silbey classical fluorescence theory [Chance et al., J. Chem. Phys. 60, 2744 (1974)]. This study opens a promising direction for exploring light–matter interactions in multichromophoric systems with possible applications in the exciton migration in metal–organic framework materials and organic photovoltaic devices.
許良彥 博士
(2022)
Yu-Chen Wei and Liang-Yan Hsu*
Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, 13, 9695–9702 (2022).
本研究題目Cavity-Free Quantum-Electrodynamic Electron Transfer Reactions的代表性圖片
Richard Feynman stated that “The theory behind chemistry is quantum electrodynamics”. However, harnessing quantum-electrodynamic (QED) effects to modify chemical reactions is a grand challenge and currently has only been reported in experiments using cavities due to the limitation of strong light–matter coupling. In this article, we demonstrate that QED effects can significantly enhance the rate of electron transfer (ET) by several orders of magnitude in the absence of cavities, which is implicitly supported by experimental reports. To understand how cavity-free QED effects are involved in ET reactions, we incorporate the effect of infinite one-photon states into Marcus theory, derive an explicit expression for the rate of radiative ET, and develop the concept of “electron transfer overlap”. Moreover, QED effects may lead to a barrier-free ET reaction whose rate is dependent on the energy-gap power law. This study thus provides new insights into fundamental chemical principles, with promising prospects for QED-based chemical reactions.
任祥華 博士
(2022)
Yi-Cheng Wang, Jhih-Shih You & H. H. Jen
Nature Communications 13, 4598 (2022).
本研究題目A non-Hermitian optical atomic mirror的代表性圖片
Explorations of symmetry and topology have led to important breakthroughs in quantum optics, but much richer behaviors arise from the non-Hermitian nature of light-matter interactions. A high-reflectivity, non-Hermitian optical mirror can be realized by a two-dimensional subwavelength array of neutral atoms near the cooperative resonance associated with the collective dipole modes. Here we show that exceptional points develop from a nondefective degeneracy by lowering the crystal symmetry of a square atomic lattice, and dispersive bulk Fermi arcs that originate from exceptional points are truncated by the light cone. From its nontrivial energy spectra topology, we demonstrate that the geometry-dependent non-Hermitian skin effect emerges in a ribbon geometry. Furthermore, skin modes localized at a boundary show a scale-free behavior that stems from the long-range interaction and whose mechanism goes beyond the framework of non-Bloch band theory. Our work opens the door to the study of the interplay among non-Hermiticity, topology, and long-range interaction.
 
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